Employment rates in South Asia overtime have remained stagnant and below those in other regions, largely attributed to persistently low female employment rates. Within the region, Pakistan has the lowest female labour-force participation rates and urban areas perform especially poorly. This study funded by the International Growth Centre seeks to understand how migration, urbanization and spatial anxieties across ethnicities shape women's agency, mobility and determines women's access to the market, economic opportunities and the public sphere in the mega-city of Karachi. The contours of women's agency vary significantly across the city, and any social and economic policy design for the city, in terms of women, will have to be nuanced and cognizant of the diversity. Exploring and documenting these contours and diversity of experiences is the primary motivation for this research.